Question: How to access DynamoDB from Apache Hive?

Rafal Wilinski

Answered by Rafal Wilinski


Apache Hive is a data warehousing and SQL-like querying tool that can analyze large amounts of data stored in a distributed environment such as Apache Hadoop. To access DynamoDB from Apache Hive, you can use the Amazon DynamoDB Storage Handler for Apache Hive.

The Amazon DynamoDB Storage Handler for Apache Hive is a plugin that allows Hive to read and write data from and to DynamoDB. The plugin can be configured to read data from a specific table and filter the data based on a specific attribute.

To use the Amazon DynamoDB Storage Handler for Apache Hive, you will need to add the following dependencies to your Hive's pom.xml file:

<dependency> <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId> <artifactId>dynamodb-hive-storage-handler</artifactId> <version>1.+</version> </dependency>

Once the dependencies are added, you can create an external Hive table and configure it to read and write to DynamoDB. You will also need to provide your AWS credentials to the plugin, either through a configuration file or by providing them programmatically.

It's important to remember that when you access DynamoDB from Apache Hive, you should be mindful of performance best practices and ensure that your Hive queries are properly optimized to minimize the number of reads and write operations to DynamoDB. Also, it is recommended to keep the data size that you want to read/write to DynamoDB small, as large data will take more time to process, and it can cause a performance bottleneck.

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